Mafātih al-Ghayb

coverTafseerMafateehAlGhayb Title: Tafsīr al-Kabīr = Mafātīh al-Ghayb (تفسير الفخر الرازي – التفسير الكبير أو مفاتيح الغيب)
Author: Abū Abdullah Muhammad b. ‘Umar al-Rāzī Fakhr al-Dīn (فخر الدين الرازي)
Language: Arabic
Subject: Qur’an, Kitab at-Tafsīr, Munāsabāt al-Ayah wal-Suwar, Ahkām al-Qur’anTafsīr Yajma’ bayn-al-Ma’qūl wal-Manqūl, Mūshkil al-Qur’an, Tafsīr bil-‘Ilm al Falsafā, Tafsīr bil-‘Ilm al Kawniyah, Tafsīr Lūghawi
No. of Volumes: 32      |      No. of Pages: 8270

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Mafatih al-Ghayb (lit. Keys to the Unseen), later nicknamed Tafseer al-Kabeer (lit. the Great Exegesis), is a unique hermeneutical work on the Noble Qur’an by the Persian Sunni Theologian and Philosopher Fakhruddin al-Razi (d. 1210 CE). At 32 volumes it is larger than the 28 volumes Tafseer of al-Tabary.

The work stood out for its intellectual approach on understanding the holy text, unlike most of the Sunni exegesis of his time that were grounded in traditional methods. The Tafseer also incorporates commentary on various interpretations of a verse / passage of the Qur’an, critiquing them and selecting the correct views based on sound reasoning.

Al-Razi devoted himself to a wide range of studies and wrote on various subjects such as medicine, physics, astronomy, literature, history and law. This is reflected in his Tafseer which is considered to be the most varied and many-sided of all extant works of this kind.

His subtle comments are sometimes difficult to follow. He has also attracted many opponents due to his approach and style. Nevertheless his Tafseer has been referenced by a number of contemporary works.

Alternate version (32 volumes)

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