|Title: Fath al-Qadīr al-Jami’ bayna Fanni ar-Riwaya wal-Diraya min Ilm at-Tafsīr = Tafsīr ash-Shawkānī (فتح القدير الجامع بين فني الرواية والدراية من علم التفسير (تفسير الشوكاني))|
|Author: Muhammad b. Alī b. Muhammad ash-Shawkānī (محمد بن علي بن محمد الشوكاني)|
|Subject: Qur’an, Kitab at-Tafsīr, Lexical Analysis, Literary Excellence of the Qur’an|
|No. of Volumes: 1 | No. of Pages: 1703|
Fath al-Qadeer, also known as Tafseer al-Shawkani, is a prominent work of Tafseer by Muhammad al-Shawkani (rahimullah)(d. 1250 AH/1839 CE). Imam Shawkani was a renown Yemeni scholar, Islamic jurist and reformer.
In the introduction to his tafseer, Imam Shawkani categorized previous works into two groups- those that would draw explanations by collecting and conveying the narrations; and those that relied on linguistic explanations and other sciences. The Imam aimed to combine both of these approaches in his book. As such, his work is valuable for its narration-based tafsir as well as his focus on linguistic explanations and fiqh discussions. It is also distinguished for its focus on refuting deviant beliefs.
Conveying authentic narrations containing the tafsir of the Prophet, the companions (sahabah), the successors (taabi’oon) and so on was an important goal of Imam al-Shawkaani in his tafsir. However, he explains in his introduction that he still may have included some weak narrations in his work, either knowingly due to them being corroborated by other stronger chains of narration or perhaps to illustrate a linguistic benefit, or unknowingly due to his use of narrations included in previous works of tafsir such as ibn Jareer, al-Qurtubi, ibn Kathir, al-Suyooti, etc. without any indication of their authenticity.
Imam al-Shawkaani was an expert and a mujtahid in fiqh, and thus gave fiqh a prominent place in his tafsir. He would routinely mention the various positions of the scholars of different madhhabs, their points of differing and accompanying evidences. Beyond reporting these matters, he would also weigh the various positions and indicate which opinion he felt to be the most correct, as well as include his own points of fiqh-related benefits. He drew heavily on the tafsir of al-Qurtubi in regards to his fiqh discussions, but was by no means limited to repeating them.
Imam al-Shawkaani devoted considerable attention to issues of language throughout his tafsir and routinely quoted the explanations of previous experts such as Abu ‘Ubaydah, al-Firaa’, ibn Faaris, etc. He included discussions of many linguistic topics including grammar, morphology, the root meanings of words, etc., and he regularly employed Arabic poetry in his explanations.